• AD

Volcanic Eruption Might Be The main Reason and Inspiration Behind La Campana

Context:

A lot of times, we might focus on the devastation of natural disasters but they also play a huge role in directing the flow of civilizations. Volcanic eruptions in the central-American region had a large impact on civilizations like Maya. A recent study clarifies the connections in the light of archeology, we're going to discuss the results of this study.



Let's Deep Dive:

The Study:

The study has been conducted by Akira Ichikawa, a Mesoamerican Archeologist from the University of Colorado Boulder.


What The Study Finds:

The study mainly focuses on the impact in the Mayan society on the eruption of the volcano Tierra Blanca Joven in the Ilopango Caldera which is located in present-day El Salvador. The volcanic eruption is considered the largest eruption of the Holocene period in the Central American region. Considering the eruption date to be 539/540 AD, the study finds that the Maya people recovered rapidly after the eruptions(within at least 5 years to a maximum of 80 years).

The author explains this rapid recovery by two hypotheses. According to the first hypotheses, the survived population relocated to comparatively safe areas like the mountains close to them. This might have resulted in a change in food habits and food production techniques. The second hypothesis tells, the eruption fully destroyed the population and the region was soon occupied by the populations who migrated from the Copan region of Honduras. As there are few archeological proofs discovered to date, to prove these hypotheses, verification of the hypotheses is very difficult.