Foodways and Plant Processing at Neolithic Çatalhöyük
Updated: Jul 24
A lot of information on the living standards of ancient people is found out from the relics or tools excavated from under the earth. All of this apart, the food practices, precisely the crop processing, has been a mystery to us. A recent study on a well known ancient site digs out a whole new story.
Let's Deep Dive:
What has been found:
Years ago, an archeological site, more than 8000 years old, was found at Çatalhöyük, in Central Anatolia, Turkey. It held a lot of attention as it has one of the most preserved mud-brick architecture. It also is huge in size. Excavations at the site over almost three decades have unearthed rich archaeobotanical remains and a diverse ground stone assemblage produced by what once was a vibrant farming community. Excavations at the site brought to light a wide range of stone implements that includes different types of grinding and abrading tools (e.g., grinders, querns, abraders, pestles, palettes and polishers), stone axes and adzes, hammerstones, centrally perforated spheres, abraded pigment nodules along with roughouts, preforms and debitage associated with the production of ground stone artifact integration of phytolith and starch analyses reveal the plant and crop processing technique by the ancient people who lived at this site.
The study was conducted by Carlos G. Santiago-Marrero of Universitat Pompeu Fabra in Spain, Christina Tsoraki of the University of Leicester in the UK, Carla Lancelotti of ICREA in Spain, Marco Madella of The University of the Witwatersrand in South Africa. It was funded by The Çatalhöyük Research Project, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Marie-Curie Intra-European Research Fellowship and the Quality Research Group of the Catalonian Government.
What the study finds:
The study presented here adds to our understanding of crops and plant processing at Çatalhöyük. The study testifies the use of a wide range of geophytes and wild s