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Adaptive capacity and flexibility of the Neanderthals


Production of blades in the Middle Paleolithic Era has long been a subject of debate among archeologists and various hypotheses have been produced in the absence of hard proofs. In the month of March this year, an archeological study discusses the matter in depth.

Let's Deep Dive:

What Has Been Found:

In the year 1928, a researcher H. Mohn discovered Heidenschmiede, a rockshelter situated in Heidenheim city in the east of the river Brenz in Germany. The site was excavated in 1930. The excavation yielded numerous lithic assemblages. As Mohn as unaware of the importance of strati-graphic positions of the findings, the research gave a incomplete view. The lithic assemblages were later assigned to the Mouste´rien and the Acheulian. After that, the assemblages have never been analyzed completely. The recent study evaluates the lithic assemblages again that yields a lot of unknown data.

The Study:

The research has been conducted by a team of archeologists from the University of Tubingen. The team includes Berrin Çep, Benjamin Schürch, Susanne C. Münzel and Jens Axel Frick.

The study was funded by the Hanns-Voith Foundation in Heidenheim an der Brenz, The Department of Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology and the Institute for Archaeological Science.

Source: Pixabay

What The Study Finds:

The kind of stone tool that were recovered, mostly were scraper-like tools. All the cores were made by the materials available in the region. The cores had surfaces with perpendicular faces. These faces are reduction face and preparation face in alternative succession. The research finds that the lateral faces were used in production of blades.

Methods And Analyses: